What Medicine Is Given To Premature Babies For Lung Development?

Premature Babies For Lung DevelopmentSource: bing.com

Premature babies are those who are born before completing 37 weeks of gestation. These babies have underdeveloped organs, including lungs, which may lead to various respiratory problems. To avoid this, doctors use different medications to help premature babies develop their lungs faster. In this article, we will discuss what medicine is given to premature babies for lung development.

Surfactant Therapy:

Surfactant is a substance that is naturally produced in the lungs of premature babies. However, in some cases, the production of surfactant may be insufficient, leading to respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). To combat this, doctors may recommend surfactant therapy, which involves administering surfactant directly into the lungs of the baby to reduce breathing difficulties. Surfactant therapy is a common medication used for premature babies, and it has been found to be highly effective in improving lung function.


Bronchodilators are medications that help to relax the muscles around the airways, making it easier for the baby to breathe. These medications are usually given through inhalation, and they help to reduce wheezing and other symptoms of respiratory distress. Bronchodilators are typically used in combination with other medications to improve lung function.


Corticosteroids are a type of medication that helps to reduce inflammation in the lungs. Inflammation can cause airway constriction, making it difficult for the baby to breathe. Corticosteroids are usually given to premature babies who are at risk of developing RDS or other respiratory problems. However, doctors are careful when using this medication because it can have side effects such as high blood pressure, fluid retention, and impaired glucose tolerance.

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Oxygen Therapy:

Premature babies who have underdeveloped lungs may require oxygen therapy to help them breathe. Oxygen therapy involves supplying the baby with oxygen through a mask or nasal cannula. This therapy helps to reduce the work of breathing for the baby and improves oxygen delivery to the tissues. However, oxygen therapy should be used with caution because too much oxygen can cause lung damage.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q: How long does it take for premature babies’ lungs to develop?
A: The development of premature babies’ lungs varies depending on the gestational age at which they were born. However, most premature babies’ lungs develop fully by the time they reach their due date.

Q: What are the long-term effects of premature birth on lung function?
A: Premature birth can lead to long-term respiratory problems such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).

Q: Can premature babies outgrow lung problems?
A: Yes, in some cases, premature babies can outgrow lung problems as they grow older. However, some babies may require ongoing treatment to manage their respiratory problems.

Q: Are there any lifestyle changes that can help prevent premature birth?
A: Yes, lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, and managing chronic health conditions can help prevent premature birth.

Q: How can parents support their premature baby’s lung development?
A: Parents can support their premature baby’s lung development by avoiding exposure to smoke, maintaining a healthy diet during pregnancy, and following their doctor’s advice regarding medication and treatment.

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In conclusion, premature babies require special care, and their lung development is a crucial aspect of their treatment. Doctors use different medications such as surfactant therapy, bronchodilators, corticosteroids, and oxygen therapy to help premature babies develop their lungs faster. Parents can also support their premature baby’s lung development by following their doctor’s advice and making lifestyle changes that promote healthy pregnancy outcomes.

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I am a child development specialist with a strong passion for helping parents navigate the exciting and sometimes challenging journey of raising a child. Through my website, I aim to provide parents with practical advice and reliable information on topics such as infant sleep, feeding, cognitive and physical development, and much more. As a mother of two young children myself, I understand the joys and struggles of parenting and am committed to supporting other parents on their journey.

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