Baby Guinea Pig Development: Everything You Need to Know

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Guinea pigs are among the most adorable rodents in the world, with their soft fur, cute faces, and unique personalities. If you’re a proud guinea pig parent, you know how important it is to care for your furry friend, especially if they’re a baby guinea pig. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the development of baby guinea pigs and what you can expect as a guinea pig parent.

Stages of Baby Guinea Pig Development

Baby guinea pigs, also known as pups, go through several stages of development before reaching adulthood. Here are the key stages of baby guinea pig development:


Guinea pig pups are born with their eyes open, fully furred, and ready to explore their surroundings. They typically weigh between 60 to 120 grams and are around 3 to 4 inches long. It’s essential to ensure that the mother guinea pig is healthy and has a comfortable environment to give birth.

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First Week

During the first week, newborn guinea pig pups will mostly sleep, nurse, and snuggle with their mother. They need warmth to stay healthy, so it’s crucial to keep them in a warm and safe environment. The mother guinea pig will take care of grooming and nursing her babies, and it’s vital not to interfere too much during this time.

Second Week

By the second week, guinea pig pups will start to gain weight and grow rapidly. They’ll begin to move around more and explore their surroundings. They’ll also start to nibble on solid food, although nursing is still their primary source of nutrition.

Third Week

During the third week, guinea pig pups will become more active and playful. They’ll start to interact more with each other and with their mother. At this stage, it’s recommended to introduce solid food to their diet slowly.

Fourth Week

By the fourth week, guinea pig pups will be fully weaned and ready to live independently. They’ll still benefit from socializing with their siblings and mother, but they can also start to bond with human companions. It’s essential to provide a comfortable and spacious living space for your guinea pig during this transition.

Tips for Caring for Baby Guinea Pigs

Caring for baby guinea pigs requires a lot of attention and care. Here are some tips to ensure that your baby guinea pigs stay healthy and happy:

Provide a Comfortable Living Environment

Guinea pigs need a spacious living area that is clean, warm, and dry. Make sure to provide plenty of fresh water and food, along with toys and hiding places for them to play.

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Feed a Nutritious Diet

Baby guinea pigs need a balanced diet that includes hay, fresh vegetables, and a small amount of pellets. It’s best to avoid sugary or processed foods, as they can lead to health problems.

Monitor Their Health

It’s essential to monitor your baby guinea pig’s health closely. Look out for signs of illness, such as coughing, sneezing, or lethargy. Take your guinea pig to the vet if you notice any concerning symptoms.

Frequently Asked Questions About Baby Guinea Pig Development

Q: When do guinea pig pups open their eyes?

A: Guinea pig pups are born with their eyes open.

Q: How often should I feed my baby guinea pig?

A: Baby guinea pigs should be fed at least twice a day, with access to hay and fresh water at all times.

Q: When can baby guinea pigs leave their mother?

A: Baby guinea pigs can leave their mother and live independently by four weeks of age.

Q: What should I do if my baby guinea pig stops eating?

A: If your baby guinea pig stops eating, it’s essential to take them to the vet immediately, as it could be a sign of illness.

Q: Can I bathe my baby guinea pig?

A: It’s generally not recommended to bathe guinea pigs unless they get particularly dirty or smelly. If you do bathe your baby guinea pig, make sure to use a gentle shampoo and dry them off thoroughly.


Caring for baby guinea pigs requires patience, attention, and care. By providing a comfortable living space, a nutritious diet, and monitoring their health, you can ensure that your furry friends thrive. Remember to enjoy the precious moments with your baby guinea pigs and watch them grow into happy and healthy adults.

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I am a child development specialist with a strong passion for helping parents navigate the exciting and sometimes challenging journey of raising a child. Through my website, I aim to provide parents with practical advice and reliable information on topics such as infant sleep, feeding, cognitive and physical development, and much more. As a mother of two young children myself, I understand the joys and struggles of parenting and am committed to supporting other parents on their journey.

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